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Most travelling to Madagascar will be doing so as a tourist and can obtain a required visa on arrival, up to a maximum of 90 days, regardless of nationality.
International arrivals will have filled in a landing card on descent and will present this, together with their passport, to immigration who will issue a visa on payment of the designated amount. All passengers must have at least six months left before their passport expires from the date of leaving Madagascar, and must have evidence of an onward journey from the country within 90 days of arriving.
Immigration facilitates the payment in Malagasy Ariary, Euro, and US Dollar currencies. Their cost in each is not quite even so choose dollars if not coming from a eurozone country and wanting the cheapest option. Mauritian visitors don't need to pay a fee if the visit is under 30 days.
Tourist Visa Rates
|Duration||Ariary Charge||€ Charge||$ Charge|
|1 - 30 days||Ar115,000||€35||$37|
|31 - 60 days||Ar135,000||€40||$45|
|61 - 90 days||Ar175,000||€50||$55|
Madagascar now processes international arrivals and departures via a new eVisa system. This means that all travellers will have biometric (electronic fingerprint scans) stored with their travel details. The eVisa website states (in French, on an otherwise English language page) that it hopes to have its online application system in place in the third quarter of 2018. Tourists will be able to apply for, pay, and confirm visas before arriving and use their phones or printed documents to pass through immigration.
Anybody who is visiting the country for reasons outside of the scope of a tourist visa will need to be in receipt of the appropriate visa before arrival in the country. It cannot be issued at immigration. The process will be facilitated by a Malagasy Embassy if you have the correct credentials and requirements for the visa you're applying for.
Normally this exchange is provided by your local Malagasy embassy or honorary consulate but, should you not have one (the UK only reopened its Malagasy embassy in 2017) the embassies that exist are usually prepared to deal with requests from countries outside of their own for procedures like visas. If not, they will likely point you in the direction of a more appropriate embassy to do so.
The process will require visiting the embassy or honorary consulate in person if (understandably) not willing to risk mailing a passport under registered postage. The latter is not unheard of and is something that embassies will have dealt with with the expectation of having been forewarned of its arrival along with the inclusion of relevant documents and a stamped, self-addressed return envelope.